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1. What are the different types of tiles?

Mostly tiles can be split into two groups Ceramic tile&Porcelain/Vitrified tiles.

Ceramic tile: Ceramic tiles are generally made from different type of red/white clay. These types of ceramic tiles are usually suitable for very light to moderate traffic and generally have a relatively high water absorption rates that make them less frost resistant than porcelain/vitrified tiles.

Porcelain/Vitrified tiles: Vitrified Tiles are composed of quartz, silica, clay and feldspar. Porcelain/Vitrified tiles normally have a much lower water absorption rate (less than 0.05%) than ceramic tiles which makes them frost resistant or frost-proof.These tiles also sub categorized in Nano polished vitrified tiles/ Soluble Sault ,Double Charge / Double Loading/ Multi charged vitrified tiles, Twin Charged Vitrified tiles, Full Body Vitrified Tiles, Color Body Vitrified Tiles, Glazed Vitrified Tiles (GVT/PGVT).

2. What are the difference between GVT & PGVT?

Generally GVT & PGVT both are known as Glazed Vitrified Tiles(GVT). But based on surface of the tile GVT(Glazed Vitrified Tiles) is popular for Matt Surface and PGVT(Polished Glaze Vitrified Tiles) is for Polished / Glossy surfacePolished tiles have softer surface as compared to Glazed tiles due to grinding of surface layer. Polished tiles having lesser scratch resistance, Lesser surface abrasion & more stain absorbing tendency as compared to glazed tiles. Remaining technical parameter like W.A. & MOR would remain same for both.Gvt tiles also known as digital Grèsporcellanato, gresporcellantoeffetto, digital floor tiles,etc.

3. What are the advantages and disadvantages of Glazed Vitrified Tiles?

The advantages and disadvantages of vitrified tiles are :

Advantages of Glazed Vitrified Tiles-

  • Vitrified tiles are formed by the process of vitrification hence it is a very strong and homogeneous material. Clay is combined with feldspar and quartz , all the materials change to a molten liquid glass sate and then solidify to make vitrified tiles a very hard material.
  • These tiles can be used for both indoor and outdoor application.In the indoors they can be used in residential flooring , wall tiles in kitchens and bathrooms, for outdoors they are highly suitable in high traffic areas.
  • They have a consistent design , pattern and texture .
  • Vitrified tiles are easy to lay and are easy to maintain.
  • Vitrified tiles are stronger than ceramic tiles and can be used for high traffic areas and residential areas.

Disadvantages of Glazed Vitrified Tiles-

  • They are more expensive than ceramic tiles.
  • The tile with the defect must be cut away along the grout lines and surrounding material could be damaged in the process.
  • The tiles should be treated with care other the edges might crack and chipped.

4. What is thedifference between granite and glazed vitrified tiles?

Granite is one of the hardest, most durable flooring materials available, making it less likely to crack or chip than vitrified tiles. however, granite is more porous than vitrified tiles, making it more likely to stain. Overall, granite probably requires more regular maintenance than vitrified tiles, Also Glazed Vitrified tiles have a large range of design collection like Italian marble and other natural stone designs too.

5. What is “digital printing technology” in terms of tiles?

The term digital technology refers to the tiles design that is printed onto the surface. Today, images that are created from photographs using a computer program are then applied to the tile by use of ink jets printers. With such technology usage, the designs are more exciting and attractive than ever.

6. What are glazed and unglazed floor tiles?

Glazed floor tiles are coated with a glassy finish which often contains color, texture, or design and is fired at significantly high temperatures. Unglazed floor tiles do not have such surface as the color forms from the body within the tiles. It can be natural color from the clay or other minerals and can be added to the mixture before forming and firing the tiles. Because the color extends through the complete tile, these are great for high traffic areas as they do not show wear as easily.

7. Can porcelain/vitrified tile be advisable under floor heating?

Porcelain/vitrified tiles material are perfectly apt to be used with underfloor heating. The notable thing that should be taken into account is that a grout joint of at least 1.5 mm is requisite for the installation.

8. Can ceramic tiles fit to be used for outdoors?

Ceramic tiles can absolutely be used outdoors.we recommend that the tiles must be frost proof to be used on the floor. Make sure the absorption rate is 0.5% or less.

9. Can glazed vitrifiedtiles(GVT) be used on the wall?

Yes , Now a days glazed vitrified tiles are widely used in wall decorative purpose in hotel, bars, restaurant, etc. and  also suggested by interior designer due to wide range of design collection available in GVT tiles.For More Design visit us on https:/
It also called as digital glazed vitrified wall tiles.

10. Can new tiles be fitted on an old tiled floor?

Yes, it is absolutely feasible to fit new tiles on top of an old tiled floor. However, it is not advisable as there’s a higher cost and you would possibly reduce the headroom (height between the floor and the ceiling). However, if you still want to go ahead for tiling on old floor tiles, be careful the existing surface provides a good grip. If flooring is of glazed tiles then they have to be roughened to give a good grip to the new floor.
Furthermore, there are some other aspects as well that you have to take into consideration before deciding to fit new tiles on an old tiled floor. You need to allow the thickness of the tiles that you are laying in addition to approximately 6-12 mm for the cement slurry/adhesive, depending on the type of flooring to be laid. After adding thickness top of your existing floor, you can still be able to open doors.

11. What are the various types of fixing tiles?

The tiles can be either dry fixed tiles or wet fixed tiles. The dry fixing tiles are fixed by using conventional cement mortar. Wet fixing is done by using special adhesives that can fix tiles directly on the existing flooring.

12. Where can tiles be used?

Tiles can be used in almost any part of the house like hall, bathroom, kitchen, bedroom, portico, foyer, driveway, drawing room, living room, lobby, etc. There is also a prominent use of tiles for commercial and corporate places. They can be used both on the walls and floors.

13. What’s the best way to calculate the quantity of Tiles?

Length * Width of the area to be covered will give you square meters. Most installations add 5-7% for cutting loss and is enough to keep on hand for any repairs. When the installation is on a diagonal or when you use a multi-size pattern, you should add 12-15%.

14. Which is better - Glossy finish tiles or matt finish tiles?

In fact it is a matter of choice. Generally glossy tiles need extra care to avoid scratches while unpacking and installing tiles. The MOHS scale of glossy surface is less (~3) so any object with higher then this MOHS scale can leave scratched on glossy tiles surface.
On the other side matt finish tiles need less care during installation but it looks less shiny and glittering. Nowa day there is trend for matt finish tiles.

15. What is the Special Effect in GVT/PGVT Tiles?

Now a days due to technological expansion some words are very famous for Glazed Vitrified Tiles based on addition of special effect on tile surface like HDVT for High gloss effect/ Mirror Finish , SGVT for Sugar effect And many other different name for Carving effect, Granula Powder effect, Dry Powder effect,Glue effect, Mettalic effect, Rotto effect, Baby Finish.Silk Finish, Butter Finish etc.

16. What is Germ Free Tile?

Germ Free Tile is an innovative product from Orient Bell Ltd, using a specially formulated glaze with antimicrobial treatment. We produce GFT with NANO particles of borates, Zinc and Magnesium ions embedded in glaze. These Silver/zinc/MgOnanoparticles, when comes in contact with bacteria and fungus destroy cellular metabolism and inhibits multiple growth of those bacteria and fungi which cause infection. This technology in tiles kills more than 99.5 percent disease causing bacteria. GFT is more suitable for Hospitals, Food industries and Schools etc.

17. Why warpage (undulation) do exists in ceramic fired tiles. Is it possible to Produce all tiles with same Curvature?

Warpage is the curvature on the face a tile which can be Convex or Concave in shape. Variance in warpage leads to Undulation. Undulation is a condition where one edge of tiles is higher than adjoining tiles results uneven appearance. It is due to changes that occur in the tile during the intense firing & cooling process of production. Glaze is more stable in compression, therefore, +ve curvature is desirable in tiles. Lippage/ undulation become visible when the tiles are laid without spacers. By the use of required spacers, the lippage effect may be nullified. Bigger the size of tiles more will be tendency of warpage. 
Therefore, we always recommend use of spacer during tiles laying.

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